Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science <p>The Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science (<em>Revista Interdisciplinar de Ciência Aplicada</em> - RICA), abbreviated <em>Interdiscip. J. Appl. Sci.</em>, is a biannual scientific journal published in continuous flow. It addresses an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary context.</p> <p>The journal has an objective to be a channel of scientific communication directed to the academic audience, aiming at information exchange and to scientific development and maturation.</p> <p>RICA wants to be an incentive to the journey of academics (undergraduates and postgraduates) and teachers/professors who believe that can contribute to society by means of concrete knowledge, critical reviews, or reflections based on scientific research.</p> en-US <p>Authors keep the copyright and cede to the journal the right of publishing first. Published works are licensed under a Creative Commons <a href="">Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)</a> license, allowing the sharing of the work with recognition of the authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> (Matheus Poletto) (UCS - GTI) Wed, 26 Jul 2023 13:08:28 -0300 OJS 60 The other and I: the importance of physical contact in different cultures <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Based on the importance of physical contact for different cultures, this study aims to discuss this importance in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. It also aims to seek information on customs, forms of compliance, affective exchanges in different cultures, discover how social isolation is being faced in other countries and associate literature with the researched daily life. Through questionnaires with residents of other countries, followed by an analysis of qualitative data, the research seeks results that explain and discuss the importance of physical contact in other cultures, considering the possible impacts on social distancing. The study is supported by theorists such as Lévi-Strauss, Lins Ribeiro, Muniz Sodré, Clifford Geertz. The conclusion reached by the research is in line with the theme, showing that each culture is being impacted according to its experiences and peculiarities.</span></p> Cármina Geanini Nunes Monteiro de Souza Copyright (c) 2023 Cármina Geanini Nunes Monteiro de Souza Tue, 17 Oct 2023 00:00:00 -0300 Evaluation of the effect of the application of two types of potassium fertilizers on the production and quality of ungrafted Isabel’ grapes <p>Potassium is a macronutrient responsible for regulating plants' metabolic processes and water balance. In grapevines, this nutrient strongly influences the production and quality parameters of the berries, consequently affecting the quality of the juices and wines produced. Potassium can be supplied differently, impacting vineyard productivity and grape properties. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of applying two different fertilizers on the production and quality of ungrafted Isabel vines. The experiment was carried out in the 2016/2017 cycle in the Serra Gaúcha region. Three treatments were tested: control without fertilization (T1), addition of 80 kg∙ha<sup>-1</sup> of K<sub>2</sub>O in the form of KCl, and addition of 80 kg∙ha<sup>-1</sup> of K<sub>2</sub>O as the compound fertilizer form 04-18-08 (N-P-K). Yield per plant, potassium content in leaf petioles, soluble solids, titratable acidity, SS/TA ratio, must pH, and total phenolic compounds and anthocyanins content were determined. The results showed that fertilization did not influence the yield per plant nor the soluble solids content, regardless of the fertilizer used. The application of KCl caused a reduction in the titratable acidity, with a consequent increase in the SS/TA ratio. On the other hand, applying the 04-18-08 fertilizer promoted a growth in the total anthocyanin content and pH without affecting the titratable acidity. According to the results, the studied fertilizers can be used in the vine culture without damage to the productivity of the plants or the quality of the berries. Considering the use of these fruits as a feedstock for wines and juices, the 04-18-08 fertilizer would be an interesting option aiming to increase the contents of bioactive compounds, such as anthocyanins.</p> Maurício Fugalli, Wendel Paulo Silvestre, Gabriel Fernandes Pauletti Copyright (c) 2023 Maurício Fugalli, Wendel Paulo Silvestre, Gabriel Fernandes Pauletti Wed, 04 Oct 2023 00:00:00 -0300 Peridomestic conditions of urban and rural residences in Petrolina (PE) and the relationship with zoonotic risks <p>Diseases linked to climatic conditions, poverty, deficiency of infrastructure / sanitation and health care, associated with cultural, social and economic factors, are responsible for the incidence and prevalence of zoonoses. The objective was to socioeconomically analyze the population of Petrolina (PE) and characterize the surroundings of the residences, in order to verify exposure to zoonotic risks. This is an observational field study, analytical nature, cross-sectional design, exploratory and descriptive approach, and analysis of the qualitative and quantitative results. 397 people, over 18 years old, residents of the household, in urban and rural areas were interviewed. The interviewees were mostly women (65.5%) and adults (69.5%). Individuals with incomplete elementary education (28.2%) and complete high school (28.9%), among the middle class (58.9%), stood out. In the urban area, they declared residences close to open sewers and land with garbage, while in the countryside, proximity to forests and the river / stream, having sanitation areas. Such variables were statistically relevant. The variable “presence of dogs around the home” was not statistically different, but the population reported seeing stray dogs frequently. The population feels exposed to risk factors.</p> Lorena Maria Souza Rosas, Larissa de Sá Carvalho, Ana Caroline dos Santos, Daniela da Silva Alves, Lucas da Silva Coutinho , Natália Matos Barbosa Amarante, Dennis Marinho Oliveira Ramalho de Souza, Marcelo Domingues de Faria Copyright (c) 2023 Lorena Maria Souza Rosas, Larissa de Sá Carvalho, Ana Caroline dos Santos, Daniela da Silva Alves, Lucas da Silva Coutinho, Natália Matos Barbosa Amarante, Dennis Marinho Oliveira Ramalho de Souza, Marcelo Domingues de Faria Wed, 26 Jul 2023 00:00:00 -0300 Cervical cancer from 2013 to 2021: an epidemiological analysis in Brazil <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">O câncer decorre de mutações genéticas, que são alterações no DNA das células, que passam a receber instruções erradas para suas atividades. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">De evolução lenta, o curso natural do câncer cervical é descrito como uma lesão inicial benigna que sofre transformação intraepitelial progressiva e pode evoluir para um carcinoma invasivo. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os casos notificados de malignidade cervical no Brasil, associando as variáveis: diagnóstico detalhado, faixa etária, unidade federativa de diagnóstico, ano de diagnóstico e modalidade terapêutica. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Por meio de um estudo epidemiológico descritivo de natureza quantitativa, utilizando os dados disponíveis no banco de notificações oficial do Ministério da Saúde, DATASUS. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">O acesso a esses dados não requer aprovação do comitê de ética, pois são de domínio público. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">No Brasil, 113, </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Foram notificados 542 casos de neoplasia maligna do colo do útero no período de 2013 a 2021, sendo que destes, 13.784 casos (12,14%) foram prevalentes na faixa etária de 40 a 44 anos, e menos prevalentes em 0 a 19, com 188, tendo maiores registros no triênio 2018-2020, com 50.780 casos (44,72%). </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">São Paulo foi o estado mais prevalente em casos, com 19.989, seguido pelos estados de Minas Gerais, Paraná e Rio de Janeiro, com 10.047, 8.675 e 7.332 casos, respectivamente. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Além disso, a modalidade terapêutica mais utilizada para esta neoplasia foi a radioterapia com 43.929 casos, seguida da quimioterapia e cirurgia, com 27.550 e 18.318 casos, respectivamente. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">No entanto, fica evidente que o estudo mostrou uma amostra relevante de casos notificados, bem como os mais prevalentes estavam na faixa etária de 40 a 44 anos, tendo como modalidade terapêutica, a radioterapia a mais utilizada.</span></span></p> Rubens Barbosa Rezende Copyright (c) 2023 Rubens Barbosa Rezende Thu, 28 Sep 2023 00:00:00 -0300 Technical Evaluation of the Use of Biocidal Additives in Cementitious Composites <p> Although cementitious composites have several applications, they still have limitations in their characteristics, including biodeterioration, due to the action of microorganisms. In order to improve this condition, zinc oxide (ZnO) was added as a biocide additive, in order to add better performance against the action of microorganisms, in addition to pozzolanic materials, rice husk ashes, which, together with the biocide additive, they can improve the mechanical resistance and the absorption of water by capillarity of the cementitious composite. In this study, the properties of cementitious composites with the addition of zinc oxide (ZnO) and rice husk ash (RCA) were evaluated in the fresh and hardened state. Traces were developed, varying the additions, in grams of material, of ZnO at 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%, in addition to the fixed 10% of CCA, 0.042% of superplasticizer and their w/w ratio. c of 0.5. To evaluate the performance of the cementitious composites, tests were carried out on consistency, resistance to compression and traction in bending, total and partial water absorption by capillarity, in addition to the visual analysis of the biocidal properties. There was great fragility in the samples with the incorporation of the biocide additive, demonstrating a drop in their workability, a reduction in resistance by up to 97% for traction in flexion at 7 days and by up to 98% for compression at 7 days, a water absorption per capillarity three times greater than the reference, as well as a delay in the curing time of the materials. The visual analysis showed little variation in the defined time.</p> Ândria Deves Alves, Vinício Cecconello Copyright (c) 2023 Ândria Deves Alves, Vinício Cecconello Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 -0300 Use of alternative products to control Ceratocystis frimbriata in kiwi seedlings <p align="justify">In the state of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) is the largest producer of kiwi, but its productivity has been threatened due to the <em>Ceratocystis fimbriata</em> pathogen. This paper aimed to evaluate the efficiency of essential oils of fennel and <em>Cymbopogon citratus</em> (lemongrass), <em>Pipper nigrum</em> (pepper) and pyrolenous extracts, and Aliette (Fosetyl-Al) fungicide in the control of <em>C. fimbriata</em> on kiwi in vitro and in vivo tests. The treatments for the in vitro test were the following: essential oil of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) and lemongrass at the concentrations of zero, 0,01 %, 0,05 %, 0,10 %, 0.15 %, and 0.20 % v/v. For pepper extract, the concentrations used were zero, 0,05 %, 0,10 %, 0.25 %, and 0.50 % v/v. For pyroligneous extract, the concentrations used were the following ones: 0,05 %, 0,10 %, 0,25 %, and 0.50 % v/v and fosetyl-Al fungicide (250 g/100 L). The outline was completely randomized with five repetitions, each plot consisting of a Petri dish. For the in vivo assay, seedlings of the cultivar Bruno of one-year-old were used, and they were cultivated in five-liter land pots and kept in a greenhouse. The inoculation occurred through sterilized paper discs, with a diameter of 0.5 cm, immersed in a suspension of the pathogen on a previously provoked injury. The treatments were done through the essential oil of fennel and lemongrass at a dose of 0.20 % and fosetyl-Al (250 g/100 L). The results were submitted to the analysis of variance and the means were compared by the Scott-Knott test with 5 % error probability. It was concluded that the essential oils of lemongrass and fennel, at the concentrations of 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20 % v/v, inhibited completely (100 %) the growth of <em>C. fimbriata</em>. The pepper extract had no effect on the growth of the pathogen at the concentration of 20 % v/v. And for the in vivo assay, no treatment showed satisfactory disease control. however, future studies with higher doses may be carried out.</p> Marcia Regina Pansera, Cintia Thais Vergani, Murilo César dos Santos Copyright (c) 2023 Marcia Regina Pansera, Cintia Thais Vergani, Murilo César dos Santos Tue, 16 May 2023 00:00:00 -0300 The ideology for Althusser e Godard: dialogues between Ideology and Ideological Apparatuses of the State (1970) and Struggles in Italy (1970) <p>The present article aims to examine the discussion around the concept of ideology in the film Struggles in Italy (Lotte in Italia, 1970) by the Dziga Vertov Group, a collective of filmmakers created by Jean-Luc Godard and Jean-Pierre Gorin. To do so, we intend to analyze how the Dziga Vertov Group uses the essay-film format as a way to elucidate their questions and use as a basis the essay Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses by the French Marxist philosopher Louis Althusser, also published in 1970, to comment on the content of the film. Both works deal with how bourgeois ideology is embedded in people’s lives in contemporary society. The research methodology is based on the method proposed by Francis Vanoye and Anne Goliot-Lété, which seeks to deconstruct the film to understand its constituent elements, and then understand the relationship between them and make the inquiries about the essay-film and similarities with the work of Althusser. It was concluded in this paper that the film Struggles in Italy can be considered an essay-film, not because it is inspired by a literary essay, but because it has formal qualities that lead to such categorization, and that there are also many similarities between the film and the text Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses, especially regarding the definition of ideology in the works and its functioning.</p> Murilo Bronzeri Copyright (c) 2024 Murilo Bronzeri Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 -0300 Forensic Entomology and the importance of entomological collections <p>Entomological collections represent fundamental tools in the study and correct recognition of taxons, recording the species and their geographic distribution, helping in the elaboration of publications destined to the identification of insect groups, development of different technical works and extension activities. The collections stand out as a basis for the studies of biodiversity and evolution, in addition to being invaluable for both researchers and society in general. When well maintained and organized, including a suitable environment and correct management, entomological collections can last for years and thus are extremely important for research. Although the great technological advance that helps in the identification of taxons, the use of collections in routine species identification activities is still necessary. Thus, the present work aimed to carry out a literature review on the importance of entomological collections in the identification of species and application of Forensic Entomology in criminal expertise. With the advancement of forensic studies, the importance of entomological collections was verified, as they help in the identification of insects that visit the corpse, facilitating forensic analysis and contributing data in an investigation.</p> Jordana Verdi , Wilson Sampaio de Azevedo Filho Copyright (c) 2023 Jordana Verdi , Wilson Sampaio de Azevedo Filho Mon, 25 Sep 2023 00:00:00 -0300 O Impact of Financial Education on the level of Financial Inclusion in Mozambique <p>This article is about how financial education contributes to increasing financial inclusion in Mozambique, this is a literature review study, based on the financial inclusion plan of the Stock Exchange of Mozambique and the survey on Strengthening capacity and financial inclusion in Mozambique, so financial inclusion represents the level of coverage of such financial services to the population, while financial education represents a process of learning concepts and financial services available on the market that will provide and flexibility, enabling the proper use of money and help build a society with individuals with financial responsibility. We will verify in the three topics the development of financial education, financial inclusion and the level of financial inclusion in Mozambique, culminating with an analysis of the theoretical basis, making it possible to conclude that although there are other components also relevant to the effect, financial education contributes significantly to the level of financial inclusion in Mozambique.</p> Ramos Hilario Ramos Copyright (c) 2023 Ramos Hilario Ramos Mon, 18 Dec 2023 00:00:00 -0300 Biological aspects of Head and Neck Cancer <p>Cancers are genetic origin pathologies, caused by cell cycle anomalies, with two main groups of genes related to their development: Oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Head and neck cancer is the name given to a heterogeneous group of cancers that occur above the collarbone region. These pathologies are aggressive and disfiguring, with a high mortality rate due to late diagnosis. Many risk factors are associated with development of this pathology, being smoker, alcoholism and HPV infection the main. The last one, is so important, that oropharyngeal cancer received a new staging classification for patients HPV-postive and patients HPV-negative. It’s understood that earlier the cancer is diagnosed, better is the cure chance. For that reason, more studies in this area are important.</p> Nikael Souza de Oliveira, Nathália Rech Copyright (c) 2023 Nikael Souza de Oliveira, Nathália Rech Tue, 16 May 2023 00:00:00 -0300 Critical review of the movie “The Wave” under the perspective of Idealism and Realism Pedagogies <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The movie “The Wave” depicts an experiment carried out during Contemporary History lessons in a basic education school. The approach had the objective of demonstrating the motivations that led germans to accept and follow the nazi regimen. For this, the professor made use of an unorthodox methodology which simulated autocratic principles inside the class. In this context, the current paper aims to perform a critical review of the movie “The Wave”, establishing connections between the narrative and the fundamentals of education. Initially, an analysis is conducted to determine relations between events of the film and the two main pedagogical theories: the Idealism of Plato and the Realism of Aristotle. In sequence, a reflection on positive and negative experiences is held, as well as their impact on learning. At last, a discussion is developed on certain elements of the movie and traditional tendencies that permeate the current pedagogical thinking, such as the culture of spectacle, knowledge relativization and, humanistic and technical ideologies. This work allowed the development of critical analyses with respect to the occupation and exercise of teaching and the relationships existing in the school environment.</span></p> Fernanda Pessi de Abreu, Pedro Lenz Casa, Simone Corte Real Barbieri Copyright (c) 2023 Fernanda Pessi de Abreu, Pedro Lenz Casa, Simone Corte Real Barbieri Sat, 17 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0300